Lublin City

Administrative center and powiat of the Lublin Voivodeship in Eastern Poland, about 170 km (106 mi) from the Polish capital, Warsaw (51°14′53″N 22°34′13″E). Located on the river Bystrzyca on Lublin Upland. Historical region: Lesser Poland (Małopolska). Lublin is the ninth largest city in Poland, the second largest in Lesser Poland, and the largest Polish city east of the Vistula River.

Population: 347,678 as of Jan. 1, 2013.
(Data on the ethnic composition of Lublin's population is unavailable, given the sensitivities and difficulties of data collection on ethnic minorities. In 2011, the municipality was aware of 14 German minority residents, some 100 Ukrainians, some 30 Russians, and some 40 Jewish people. Source: Lublin: Results of the Intercultural Cities Index analysis, 15 August 2011. In "Intercultural cities. Joint action of the Council of Europe and the European Commission".)

Area: 147 sq km (57 sq mi).

Established: before the 12th c.

First record: 1198.

Signed the Memorandum of Cooperation with the Association of Local Governments "The Gediminids’ Way" on August 25, 2013.

Lublin is a destination of the Via Regia, a Cultural Route of the Council of Europe.

Official site of the Lublin City:

Tourist site:

Photo album:

The locality of Lublin is one of the oldest settlements in Poland, populated since the 6th c. or even earlier.

The town was apparently granted the Magdeburg right in 1257, although the charter of that was lost. King of Poland Władysław I the Elbow-high reenacted the charter on Aug. 15, 1317.

The city was destroyed several times as a result of attacks by Tatars, Ruthenians, Yotvingians, and Lithuanians. In 1289, Prince Leo I of Galicia conquered Lublin, and the city remained under the rule of the Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia for three years, until 1302.

In 1341, King of Poland Casimir III the Great built a masonry castle and encircled the city with defensive walls. Casimir's first wife had been Aldona Ona (died in 1339), a daughter of Grand Duke of Lithuania Gediminas.

In 1392, Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, granted Lublin a trade privilege. This, as well as the peace between Poland and Lithuania, reached through the signing of the Union of Krewo by Jogaila in 1358, allowed Lublin to develop into an important trade center.

On June 28, 1569, the Union of Lublin was signed, uniting the Kingdom of Poland and the GDL into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Monuments from the epoch of the Gediminids and GDL that have survived in Lublin:

  • The Lublin Castle and the Chapel of the Holy Trinity (12th–13th c.)
  • The Cracow Gate (14th c.)
  • The Trinitarian Tower (1341)
  • The Grodzka Gate (1342)
  • The Crown Tribunal (late 14th c.)
  • The Basilica of St. Stanislaus and the Dominican Monastery (14th–16th c.)
  • The Fish Gate (15th c.)